Tuesday, 17 June 2014

Quran and Hadith on worldly gains

In the Qur'an we find this world and the next world described in the following terms:

 Allah Almighty says,
مَا عِندَكُمْ يَنفَدُ ۖ وَمَا عِندَ ٱللَّـهِ بَاقٍ ۗ وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ صَبَرُوٓا۟ أَجْرَهُم بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا۟ يَعْمَلُونَ ﴿٩٦

Whatever is with you, will be exhausted, and whatever is with Allah (of good deeds) will remain. And those who are patient, We will certainly pay them a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do. (96)
[Qur'an An-Nahl 16:96]
ٱعْلَمُوٓا۟ أَنَّمَا ٱلْحَيَوٰةُ ٱلدُّنْيَا لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ وَزِينَةٌ وَتَفَاخُرٌۢ بَيْنَكُمْ وَتَكَاثُرٌ فِى ٱلْأَمْوَٰلِ وَٱلْأَوْلَـٰدِ ۖ كَمَثَلِ غَيْثٍ أَعْجَبَ ٱلْكُفَّارَ نَبَاتُهُۥ ثُمَّ يَهِيجُ فَتَرَىٰهُ مُصْفَرًّا ثُمَّ يَكُونُ حُطَـٰمًا ۖ وَفِى ٱلْـَٔاخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ مِّنَ ٱللَّـهِ وَرِضْوَٰنٌ ۚ وَمَا ٱلْحَيَوٰةُ ٱلدُّنْيَآ إِلَّا مَتَـٰعُ ٱلْغُرُورِ ﴿٢٠

Know well that the worldly life is but a play and an amusement, and a show of beauty, and exchange of boastful claims between you, and a competition of increase in riches and children. (All this is) like a rain, the growth of which attracts the farmers, then it withers, and you see it turning yellow, then it becomes straw. And in the Hereafter there is a severe punishment (for the disbelievers), and forgiveness from Allah and (Allah’s) pleasure (for the believers and the righteous). The worldly life is nothing but a material of delusion. (20)
[Qur'an Al-Hadid 57:20]


Then, on that Day, you shall be asked about the delight (you indulged in, in this world)!
[Qur'an At-Takathur 102:8]

"Yes you prefer the life of this world, but the next world is better and  more lasting."            

Qur’an  87:16-17

"You desire the attractions of this world, but Allah desires the next world for you"      

Qur’an 8: 67

“And they are happy with the life of this world, but the life of this world is small comfort compared to the next world.

Qur’an 13:26

 The Qur'an has chided those believers who have taken pleasure in this life, saying (which means),
  "O you who believe! What is the matter with you, that, when you are asked to march forth in the Cause of Allah (Jihad), you cling heavily to the earth? Do you prefer the life of this world to the Hereafter? But little is the enjoyment of the life of this world, as compared with the Hereafter. "[21]
Then Allah promised them the severest punishment if they neglect this duty, saying (which means),
  "If you march not forth, He will punish you with a painful torment and will replace you by another people, and you cannot harm Him at all, and Allah is Able to do all things. "[22]

"Let those fight in the cause of Allah who sell the life of this world for the Hereafter. "[23]
Indeed, it is the selling of this life for the Hereafter which makes one disdain all the harm one might suffer for the sake of Allah,
  "So decree whatever you desire to decree, for you can only decree (regarding) the life of this world. "[24]

The hadiths which scorn worldly goods and describe how worthless they are in the sight  of Allah are many:

Reported by Abu Hurairah (RA): The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “He who does not acquire knowledge with the sole intention of seeking the Pleasure of Allah but for worldly gain, will not smell the fragrance of Jannah on the Day of Resurrection.”
[Abu Dawud].

The Prophet (SAW) said,
  "You will see your Lord with your own eyes, just as you see the moon, never tiring of seeing Him." [16]
He also said,
  "The space taken up in the Hereafter by something as little as the whip of one of you is better than the whole of this earth and what is on it."[17]
He also said,
  "The smallest distance from Paradise is better than all the land over which the sun rises and sets. "[18]
The life of this world, therefore, is not a place of abode for a Muslim. It is rather a place of testing and trials. The Prophet (SAW) said,
  "This world is the prison of a believer and the paradise of a disbeliever"[19]

Jabir ibn Abdullah reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) happened to walk through the market place.  Some people were gathered on either side of him.  There he came across a dead goat with very short ears, of which he took hold saying,

 "Who among you would like to have this for a dirham?" They said, "By Allah, not even if it were alive, because its ears are too short; and now it is also dead."  Thereupon the messenger of Allah (saws) said, " By Allah, this world is more insignificant in the sight of Allah than this in your eyes."

Related by Sahih Muslim, Kitab az-Zuhud 18/93

It has been related by Ibn Shaddad al-Fahri that the Prophet (saws) said,

"This world, in comparison with the world to come, is the same as if one of you were to put his finger in the ocean.  Consider how much you would have when you pulled it out.

related by Sahih Muslim Kitab al-jannatu wa Na'imuha,17/191.

It has been related by Ibn Sahl ibn Sa'ad that the Prophet (saws) said,

"Had the world been worth even the wing of a gnat to Allah, He would not have even given a drink of water from it to a kaffir (non-believer)."

Related by Sahih gharib, at-Tirmidhi, Kitab az-Zuhud,  6/611.



Abu' l-Abbas as-Sa'idi said :

“A man came to the Prophet (saws) and said, 'Oh Messenger of Allah! Guide me to such an action, that when I do it, Allah will love me and the people will love me.  He said, be detached from this world and then Allah will love you and do not be attracted to what people have and then the people will love you''.

related by  Hasan, ibn Majah kitab az-Zuhud  2/1373

The Qur'an and the Sunnah both encourage people to eschew this evanescent life and long for the everlasting bliss of the Hereafter. Allah (SWT) says (which means),
  "The description of Paradise which the righteous are promised is that in it are rivers of water, the taste and smell of which are not changed; rivers of milk of which the taste never changes; rivers of wine, a joy to those who drink; and rivers of honey pure and clear. In it there are for them all kinds of fruits; and forgiveness from their Lord. "[11]
  "[It will be said to the true believers]: My worshippers! No fear shall be on you this Day, nor shall you grieve, [you] who believed in Our Signs and were Muslims. Enter Paradise, you and your wives, in happiness. Trays of gold and cups will be passed round them, [there will be] therein all that the one's inner-selves could desire, all that the eyes could delight in, and therein will you abide forever. And this is the Paradise which you have been made to inherit because of your [good] deeds which you used to do [in the life of the world]. Therein for you will be fruits in plenty, of which you will eat [as you desire]. "[12]
  "Verily, al-muttaqoon (the pious and righteous) will be in the midst of Gardens and Rivers (paradise). In a seat of truth (Paradise), near the Omnipotent King (Allah, the All-Blessed, the Most High, the Owner of Majesty and Honour). "[13]
  "Some faces, that Day, will beam (in brightness and beauty) -looking at their Lord. "[14]
  "[Other] faces, that Day, will be joyful, pleased with their striving [for their good deeds which they did in this world, along with the true faith of Islamic monotheism]. In a High Garden (Paradise), where they shall hear no harmful speech nor falsehood; therein will be a running spring; therein will be thrones [of dignity] raised high, and cups set at hand, and cushions set in rows, and rich carpets [all] spread out. "[15]