Tuesday, 12 August 2014

Importance of niyyah in Islam

ﺍﻟْﻤُﺆْﻣِﻨِﻴﻦَ ﺃَﺑِﻲ ﺣَﻔْﺺٍ ﻋُﻤَﺮَ ﺑْﻦِ ﺍﻟْﺨَﻄَّﺎﺏِ ﺭَﺿِﻲَ ﺍﻟﻠﻪُ ﻋَﻨْﻪُ
ﻗَﺎﻝَ : ﺳَﻤِﻌْﺖ ﺭَﺳُﻮﻝَ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻳَﻘُﻮﻝُ : ” ﺇﻧَّﻤَﺎ
ﺍﻟْﺄَﻋْﻤَﺎﻝُ ﺑِﺎﻟﻨِّﻴَّﺎﺕِ، ﻭَﺇِﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﻟِﻜُﻞِّ ﺍﻣْﺮِﺉٍ ﻣَﺎ ﻧَﻮَﻯ، ﻓَﻤَﻦْ ﻛَﺎﻧَﺖْ ﻫِﺠْﺮَﺗُﻪُ ﺇﻟَﻰ
ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﻭَﺭَﺳُﻮﻟِﻪِ ﻓَﻬِﺠْﺮَﺗُﻪُ ﺇﻟَﻰ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﻭَﺭَﺳُﻮﻟِﻪِ، ﻭَﻣَﻦْ ﻛَﺎﻧَﺖْ ﻫِﺠْﺮَﺗُﻪُ ﻟِﺪُﻧْﻴَﺎ
ﻳُﺼِﻴﺒُﻬَﺎ ﺃَﻭْ ﺍﻣْﺮَﺃَﺓٍ ﻳَﻨْﻜِﺤُﻬَﺎ ﻓَﻬِﺠْﺮَﺗُﻪُ ﺇﻟَﻰ ﻣَﺎ ﻫَﺎﺟَﺮَ ﺇﻟَﻴْﻪِ ”.
{ ﺭَﻭَﺍﻩُ ﺍﻟﺒُﺨَﺎﺭِﻱُّ ﻭَﻣُﺴْﻠِﻢٌ }
It is narrated on the authority of Amirul Mu’minin, Abu Hafs ‘Umar bin
al-Khattab, radiyallahu ‘anhu, who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah,
sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, say: “Actions are (judged) by motives
(niyyah), so each man will have what he intended. Thus, he whose
migration (hijrah) was to Allah and His Messenger, his migration is to
Allah and His Messenger; but he whose migration was for some worldly
thing he might gain, or for a wife he might marry, his migration is to
that for which he migrated.” [Al-Bukhari )
Thus Allah commands us in the Quran in Surat Al-Isra': "And you shall
not ever follow that of which you have no sure knowledge. Indeed,
hearing, and sight, and [conceptions of] the heartÑ[every act of] each
of these [faculties] shall one answer for [in the Hereafter] (Surat Al-
Isra', 17:36). It is the conceptions of the heart I want to focus on. For
it is here that we premeditate our deeds.
Allah says: But there is no sin reckoned against you wherein you err as
to this. Rather, [you are accountable] only for what your hearts
premeditate. And ever is Allah all-forgiving, mercy-giving (Surat Al-
Ahzab, 33:5 ).
[Allah:calls to account] [Allah:forgives sins] [Allah:knows all you reveal and conceal] [Allah:takes account of every
single thing] [Allah:to Him belongs all in the heavens and on earth] [Allah's knowledge... Surat Al-Baqarah, 2:284
Surat Al-'Insān - (The Man) ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻻﻧﺴﺎﻥ verse 9...[Saying], "We feed you only for the countenance of Allah . We wish not from you
reward or gratitude.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 22 Surah Hajj verses  37 It is not their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah: it is your piety that reaches Him: He has thus made them subject to
you that ye may glorify Allah for His guidance to you: and proclaim the Good News to all who do right.
It has been related that the angels also record a person’s intentions. This is why a person is rewarded
for having a good intention and sometimes bad intentions.
‘When My slave intends to do an evil action, do not record it. If he does it, then write it down as one
say’ah (evil deed). If he intends to do a good deed and does not do it, then write down as one hasanah
(good deed), and if he does it, then write it down as ten.’ -Hadith
‘The angels says, ‘O Lord, Your slave wants to do something bad,’ although He (Allah) Knows best about
him. So, Allah says, ‘Watch him. If he does it then write it down as it is. If he does not do it, then
write it down as one hasanah for him, for he is abstaining from it because of Me.’ -hadith
Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) also said:
“There are 4 types of people: one is a man whom Allah has given knowledge and wealth. He acts with
respect to his wealth based on his knowledge. Another person says that if Allah had given him similar to
what He gave the first man, he would have acted in the same fashion. The reward for both of them will
be the same. A third person is one, whom Allah gives wealth but He does not give knowledge.
Therefore, he spends money according to his desire. Another man says that if Allah had given him, what
He had given that person, he would have acted in the same manner. These two will have the same
burden upon them.” [Ibn Majah]
"People will be gathered upon their intentions." [Ibn Majah, Sahih al-Jami' no. 7898]
"Mankind will be resurrected upon their intentions." [Muslim]
‘Umar said, "I heard the Messenger of
Allah (s) say:
"Verily, the reward of deeds depends upon the Niyyah (intentions)
and every person will get the reward according to what he has
 the state
that the hypocrites pray in. Allah describes them as follows:
"…And when they stand up for As-Salat (the prayer), they
stand with laziness and to be seen of men, and they do not
remember Allah but little…" (Surah An-Nisa: 142)
Allah also described some as follows:
"…And be not like those who come out of their homes boastfully
and to be seen of men…" (Surah Al-Anfal:47)l 
Prophet (s) said in an authentic Hadith, that among the seven
whom Allah shades under His Shade, on a day when there wiII
be onIy His shade:
" …A man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand
does not know what his right hand has given (i.e., nobody knows
how much he has given in charity)."
In addition, Allah said:
"If you disclose your Sadaqat (almsgiving), it is well: but if you
conceal them and give them to the poor, that is better for you.
(Allah) will expiate you some of your sins." (Surah Al-Baqara:271)
Allah says:
Say (O Muhammad (S): "I am only a man like you. It has been
revealed to me that your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God – i.e. Allah).
So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work
righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his
Lord." (Surah Al-Kahf:110)